10 Traditional Peruvian Musical Instruments You Should Know

Latin American culture has always been viewed as exotic. This strangeness stems from the melting pot of cultures in the region. When most people think of Peru, they probably think of Machu Picchu and the Inca Empire.

But did you know that Peru is also home to a vibrant and diverse music scene with a number of traditional Andean instruments that have been in use for centuries and have spread all over the world!

In this post, we’ll look at 10 traditional Peruvian musical instruments that you may or may not have heard of. Let’s start with Charango.

1. Charango

Due to the rich history that follows charangoIt is not surprising that it received the title of the national instrument of Peru.

It dates back to the early 1700s when it was developed in the Altiplano, an Andean region that stretches across Peru, Bolivia, and Chile.

It is believed that it was developed from vihuela or bandurria or Oud brought by the Spanish conquistadors.

Its appearance is similar to what most people know as a ukulele but it has 10 strings, unlike the ukulele which has only 4.

One of the most exciting features of the Charango is when you flip it onto its back. If you find an older version of this instrument, you’ll notice the distinctive casing of the armadillo.

But it is not uncommon nowadays and you will probably see a wooden back instead.

2. Drawer

Percussion instruments are an essential component of Latin American music, especially Peruvian music and stairs It is probably one of the most popular websites.

Interestingly, it actually originated in Peru and is believed to have been developed by slaves brought from Central and West Africa.

They would use shipping boxes from the ports and beat them like drums.

to look into The cajon is a simple box made of wood that a musician hits with their hands.

But what differs from other drums is that The cajon also doubles as a seat and the musician sits on top of it while playing.

If you’re trying to listen to some Cajun beats, we recommend checking out Brazilian percussionist Rupm Dantas.

3. Leaving

If you’re looking for an old-looking flute on this list, the leaving It is your best bet.

The Tarka is believed to have originated from the Aymara people of the Andes, and looks more like a decorative ornament than a tool with its colorful and creative carvings.

These handcrafted flutes (similar to a recorder) are made of wood and have six finger holes for changing pitch.

Although they look like recorders, they sound darker with a soft and smooth sound and are used in ceremonies and to imitate the sounds of birds.

4. Qena

Like Tarka, the quina It is also a traditional Andean flute also known as the Inca flute.

Quenas are usually made of bamboo although they are sometimes made from the bones of a Peruvian llama or condor which means they are completely white!

Like the tarka, the eucalyptus is made with six finger holes drilled into the body which the musician covers with their fingers to change the pitch.

Although it has been used for 500 years in festivals and events, in the 1970s and 1980s Quena had somewhat of a revival and was used a lot in new age music as well as in soundtracks and documentaries.

If you are interested in listening to some quinoa tunes, we recommend listening to Tito La Rose, a Quechua Indian, or famous quinine player Facio Santillan playing some traditional Andean music.

5. Noise

although drum Raised in Argentina, she became a feature in Andean and Peruvian music.

These drums are usually made of a hollow tree with the drum head made of animal skin.

Unlike other drums, Bombo drum heads usually have animal fur which gives them a deep and very unique sound.

If you were to describe the sound of a Bombo, you might say that it almost sounds like a heartbeat.

6. Bandula

Next, we have a file Bandula It is a type of stringed instrument related to the mandolin.

There are a lot of different variations used in South America, with four strings, some with 6 strings and most with double turns much like the traditional mandolin.

With their distinctive pear-shaped body, bandolas are made of wood and usually have 7 to 21 frets.

Tendon strings made of gut or nylon these days are played with the shuttlecock.

7. Tenya

Like Bombo and Cajon, the Tina or kirkee It is also a Peruvian percussion instrument. It is a kind of tire cylinder found all over the world in different cultures.

The cylinder frame is usually made of wood with animal skin for the cylinder head. Then the head is tightened with wool and straps.

Tinya is usually carried by hand or wrapped around the musician and struck with drumsticks or thin-headed mallets.

Interestingly, Tinya is played during Los Danzantes De Levanto, or Wari, which are two types of traditional Peruvian dance. It is usually played by women.

The musician often plays it at the same time as Pinkullo often plays the same way pipe and tabor are played around the world.

8. Huancar

the Huancaralso called denialis another percussion instrument popular in many South American countries, such as Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Ecuador.

It is descended from the indigenous people known as the Quechua and Aymara who lived in the Andean regions around Peru and the surrounding countries.

Much like a bass drum, it is made of a wooden frame with animal skins for the head of the drum. These are then struck using a hammer.

While Tinya is usually played by women, the Huancar Usually played by men. It has a tie and is carried in front of the musician like a bass drum in an orchestra.

9. Pinkilo

the Pinkilo It is a type of flute that originated in the Andes region and is common in South American countries such as Chile, Ecuador, Argentina, Bolivia and Peru.

The Pinkillu is an instrument that can be played with only one hand, so the musician often plays the Tinya (which we looked at earlier) with the other hand.

Similar to the Quena, they are usually made of reed, bamboo or bone and are available in various sizes ranging from 20 cm to anywhere up to 1 meter in length and will have six finger holes.

It is usually played during the rainy season and sometimes it is played when it is wet. This is in honor of the rain and hope that it enriches their land.

10. Today

Finally, we have a file day It is a type of panpipe from the Andean region like tinya, and is usually played by women

Due to the difficulty of traveling around the Andes, there are so many different types of Seco that different people have had their own differences.

Usually, Sikus are made from bamboo shoots but like a lot of the other flutes on our list, they can also be made from bone. Then they are tied together using sugar cane.

You can also try making your own Seiko with this helpful guide!

Summing up our list of tools from Peru

All of these machines speak to a different part of Peruvian history and trigger cultural connections, whether they are from Europe or Africa.

Although most of these instruments are considered ancient, today’s world celebrates their cultural significance.

Did we miss any musical instruments from Peru? Tell us and we’ll add them.

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